Difference between interpreter and compiler class 11

Software programs use compilers and interpreters so they can operate on a computer system. We, as humans, can logically understand words and commands through speech, but computers are different. While computer systems are smart and interactive, they cannot compute human language or convert it into a command they know.

Computers and software run on machine speak. Human language, say English, must be converted into machine language so the system can operate. Any interactive computer will require a translator so they can convert data into high-level computer language.

A compiler is essentially a translator. It will take human language also known as a source language and convert it into machine language object language. The interpreter uses the source language and converts the program through each line of data. Then, the computer will be able to complete any command given through the program. So, what is a python interpreter and what are the differences between an interpreter and compiler?

Python is interactive and a compiler reads the entire program on the initial standard input. When it reads the program, it generates the object code instantly.

Python Program Execution Process

The process is fast and effective; whereas the interpreter does the opposite. Compilation occurs instantly, instead. Compilation with the compiler occurs before the program is executed.

What is python interpreter?

Compiler vs Interpreter: Complete Difference Between Compiler and Interpreter

Python uses both a compiler and interpreter in its programs. Interpreter python is widely used throughout the computer programming and source coding industries. Python interpreter takes an interactive command and executes it. All lines of source code are completed translated one line at a time. Compilation of the source codes occur through the translation process.

A python compiler does a lot less work than the interpreter, however. If there are any errors within the software, they will appear as each line is translated. The interpreter can execute the codes immediately through the standard input. Essentially, the python interpreter reads and executes codes instantly and does so in interactive mode. It can also be script, source or pre-compiled code. Installing python is a simple process and takes only a few minutes.

If you want to install python, follow the instructions given.The compiler work is a onetime go, once a program is compiled; it can be saved for a later time execution whereas interpreter has to interpret every time, the program runs.

Object code is generated in case of compiler whereas no object code is produced in interpreter; it only produces an intermediate code. Compiler processes the program on the whole but an interpreter processes it instruction by instruction. In compiler, debugging process is difficult as compared to the debugging in an interpreter. Compiler does not require source code at run time but in case of interpreter complete source code file is required to execute a program.

Difference Between Compiler and Interpreter

Compiler requires more memory because the machine code generated is quite large but in case of interpreter, no extra memory is needed. In compilers, the errors in a program are displayed after the complete source code is analyzed but in case of interpreter, errors are displayed for every line interpreted.

The compiled code is executed by the computer hardware in case of compilers whereas in interpreters, the intermediate code is processed by another program. In compilers there is a scope of code optimization and interpreters allow the modification of code at run time. Both of these are commonly in use by programmers and both possess their own specifications and advantages. A compiler is a specialized program that processes the source code written in some higher level language into computer understandable machine code.

This machine code is actually in binary language that a processor understands and executes. This program is then executed using a compiler that is appropriate for the language in which the source code is written. It performs a number of analysis on the source code given as an input, the lexical and syntactical analysis. After performing both these steps the final task of compiler is to generate the machine code.

Interpreter Vs Compiler : Differences Between Interpreter and Compiler

The output of this compilation is the object code and is executable. The program is compiled once and do not need to be compiled every time the program runs. An interpreter is a program that performs the statement by statement line by line translation of the program source code written in some higher level language.

An interpreter, when given a program it takes its one line, interprets it and then executes it. Interpreter generates an intermediate code after interpreting source code and therefore executes it. There is no compilation stage and no machine code is generated. This is how interpreter translates and runs the whole program line by line.

It is preferred when immediate instruction by instruction execution is required. They are useful especially when code testing is done.

Every time, when a program is to make run, the interpreter interprets it the same way. Computer architecture and understanding terms associated to it can be a troublesome task and these two terms above are similar ones which have various differences between them but always seem similar to each other.

difference between interpreter and compiler class 11

This article has, therefore, looks to explain the differences between them to help people create a clear understanding. Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter HarlonMoss.

difference between interpreter and compiler class 11

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!Language Processors — Assembly language is machine dependent yet mnemonics that are being used to represent instructions in it are not directly understandable by machine and high Level language is machine independent.

A computer understands instructions in machine code, i. It is a tedious task to write a computer program directly in machine code. These source code cannot be executed directly by the computer and must be converted into machine language to be executed.

In a compiler, the source code is translated to object code successfully if it is free of errors. The compiler specifies the errors at the end of compilation with line numbers when there are any errors in the source code. The errors must be removed before the compiler can successfully recompile the source code again. Attention reader! Writing code in comment?

Please use ide. Skip to content. Related Articles. The language processors can be any of the following three types: Compiler — The language processor that reads the complete source program written in high level language as a whole in one go and translates it into an equivalent program in machine language is called as a Compiler. Recommended Articles. Article Contributed By :. Current difficulty : Easy.

Easy Normal Medium Hard Expert. Article Tags :. Most popular in Compiler Design. Most visited in Difference Between. Load Comments. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. A compiler is a program which coverts the entire source code of a programming language into executable machine code for a CPU. Compiler takes large amount of time to analyze the entire source code but the overall execution time of the program is comparatively faster.

Interpreter takes less amount of time to analyze the source code but the overall execution time of the program is slower. Compiler generates the error message only after scanning the whole program, so debugging is comparatively hard as the error can be present any where in the program.A compiler is a translator which transforms source language high-level language into object language machine language.

In contrast with a compiler, an interpreter is a program which imitates the execution of programs written in a source language. Another difference between Compiler and interpreter is that Compiler converts the whole program in one go on the other hand Interpreter converts the program by taking a single line at a time.

Evidently, the perceivability of humans and an electronic device like a computer is different. The computer needs a translator to convert the languages written in the human-readable form to the computer-readable form. Compiler and interpreter are the types of a language translator. What is Language translator? This question might be arising in your mind. A language translator is a software which translates the programs from a source language that are in human-readable form into an equivalent program in an object language.

The source language is generally a high-level programming language, and the object language is typically the machine language of an actual computer. Basis for comparison Compiler Interpreter Input It takes an entire program at a time. It takes a single line of code or instruction at a time.

Output It generates intermediate object code. It does not produce any intermediate object code. Working mechanism The compilation is done before execution. Compilation and execution take place simultaneously. Speed Comparatively faster Slower Memory Memory requirement is more due to the creation of object code.

It requires less memory as it does not create intermediate object code. Errors Display all errors after compilation, all at the same time.

Displays error of each line one by one. A compiler is a program that reads a program written in the high-level language and converts it into the machine or low-level language and reports the errors present in the program. It converts the entire source code in one go or could take multiple passes to do so, but at last, the user gets the compiled code which is ready to execute. The symbol table is somewhat a data structure which manages the identifiers along with the relevant type of data it is storing.

Difference between Compiler and Interpreter

Error Handler detect, report, correct the errors encountering in between the different phases of a compiler. The interpreter is an alternative for implementing a programming language and does the same work as a compiler.

Interpreter performs lexingparsing and type checking similar to a compiler. But interpreter processes syntax tree directly to access expressions and execute statement rather than generating code from the syntax tree. An interpreter may require processing the same syntax tree more than once that is the reason why interpretation is comparatively slower than executing the compiled program.

Compilation and interpretation probably combined to implement a programming language. In which a compiler generates intermediate-level code then the code is interpreted rather than compiled to machine code. Employing an interpreter is advantageous during program development, where the most important part is to be able to test a program modification rapidly rather than run the program efficiently.A compiler is a computer program that transforms code written in a high-level programming language into the machine code.

It is a program which translates the human-readable code to a language a computer processor understands binary 1 and 0 bits. The computer processes the machine code to perform the corresponding tasks. A compiler should comply with the syntax rule of that programming language in which it is written.

However, the compiler is only a program and cannot fix errors found in that program. So, if you make a mistake, you need to make changes in the syntax of your program. Otherwise, it will not compile. What is Interpreter? An interpreter is a computer program, which coverts each high-level program statement into the machine code. This includes source code, pre-compiled code, and scripts. Both compiler and interpreters do the same job which is converting higher level programming language to machine code.

However, a compiler will convert the code into machine code create an exe before program run. Interpreters convert code into machine code when the program is run. Compiled code runs faster while interpreted code runs slower.

Compiler displays all errors after compilation, on the other hand, the Interpreter displays errors of each line one by one. Compiler is based on translation linking-loading model, whereas Interpreter is based on Interpretation Method. Compiler takes an entire program whereas the Interpreter takes a single line of code.

Compile will parse or analyses all of the language statements for its correctness. If incorrect, throws an error If no error, the compiler will convert source code to machine code. It links different code files into a runnable program know as exe Run the Program Create the Program No linking of files or machine code generation Source statements executed line by line DURING Execution Advantage The program code is already translated into machine code.

Thus, it code execution time is less. Interpreters are easier to use, especially for beginners. Disadvantage You can't change the program without going back to the source code. Interpreted programs can run on computers that have the corresponding interpreter. Machine code Store machine language as machine code on the disk Not saving machine code at all. Running time Compiled code run faster Interpreted code run slower Model It is based on language translationlinking-loading model.

It is based on Interpretation Method. Program generation Generates output program in the form of exe which can be run independently from the original program.Compiler and Interpreter are two different ways to translate a program from programming or scripting language to machine language. A compiler takes entire program and converts it into object code which is typically stored in a file. The object code is also refereed as binary code and can be directly executed by the machine after linking.

An Interpreter directly executes instructions written in a programming or scripting language without previously converting them to an object code or machine code.

difference between interpreter and compiler class 11

Examples of interpreted languages are Perl, Python and Matlab. The basic difference is that a compiler system, including a built in or separate linker, generates a stand alone machine code program, while an interpreter system instead performs the actions described by the high level program. For interpreted programs, the source code is needed to run the program every time. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.

Attention reader! Writing code in comment? Please use ide. Skip to content. Related Articles. Following are some interesting facts about interpreters and compilers.

Recommended Articles. Python program to calculate acceleration, final velocity, initial velocity and time. Article Contributed By :. Current difficulty : Easy.

Easy Normal Medium Hard Expert. Improved By :. Most popular in Articles. More related articles in Articles. Load Comments. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website.In this article, you will learn the differences between interpreters and compilers. We generally write a computer program using a high-level language.

A high-level language is one that is understandable by us, humans. This is called source code. However, a computer does not understand high-level language. It only understands the program written in 0 's and 1 's in binary, called the machine code. To convert source code into machine code, we use either a compiler or an interpreter.

Both compilers and interpreters are used to convert a program written in a high-level language into machine code understood by computers. However, there are differences between how an interpreter and a compiler works. Course Index Explore Programiz.

Python if Statement. Python Lists. Dictionaries in Python. Popular Examples Add two numbers. Check prime number. Find the factorial of a number. Print the Fibonacci sequence. Check leap year. Reference Materials Built-in Functions. List Methods. Dictionary Methods. String Methods.

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